There are two equinoxes every year, one in March and one right now, in September. When the sun shines directly on the Equator, the length of day and night is nearly equal. Ever since the birth of man, this period of transformation was celebrated with bonfires, rituals and particular pagan spells.
Before the conversion to Christianity, and consequently the adoption of Latin letters, both Germanic and Scandinavian populations used runic alphabets, a very controversial and mystic form of writing, in fact we don’t know the process of transmission of this script. What we know is that there are runic inscriptions and rune stones that are analyzed by linguists nowadays to find out more about them; Runology is a specialized branch of Germanic Linguistics. Runes were made on wood, stones and bone.
The fascinating mystery of the runes is that the first runes found were probably not used as a writing form for communication at the beginning; specialists claims they were mostly used as magical signs and for divination, in shamanic initial rituals in which the initiate underwent a physical trial in order to receive mystic wisdom. Strangely, the word “rune” means “something hidden”.
Also, many runes that have been deciphered by linguists contain solemn inscriptions of glorious people who died.
A long time ago, during this period of time, and during traditional harvest pagan festivals and feasts, runes have been fundamental to make spells preparing for winter.