You always think about The Lord of the Rings as one of the best-selling novels ever written, but what’s the story behind? What made Tolkien write this masterpiece of literature and when?
Many critics have analyzed this work and made several assumptions about it. We know that John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892 – 1973) was professor of Anglo-Saxon and professor of English Language and Literature at the Merton College, Oxford. Thanks to his great successes such as The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, he is identified as the father of modern fantasy literature. Writing The Lord of the Rings, he was influenced his great interests: philology, Norse, Germanic and Celtic mythology, religion (Roman Catholicism), but also his distaste for the effects of industrialization and his personal experience as lieutenant in World War I. Other influences have also been seen in Welsh Language; in fact, all the names of persons and places into the book The Lord of the Rings were modelled on those of Welsh, although some locations were inspired by Tolkien’s childhood in Birmingham.
Tolkien began writing this work at the age of 45, and the writing lasted for 12 years (from 1937 to 1949); for publication, the books were divided into three volumes: The Fellowship of the Rings, The Two Towers and The Return of the King.
Not everyone knows that Tolkien was so fond of philology that when the novel was translated into 38 languages, he examined many of these translations himself.
The Lord of the Rings become immensely famous in the United States in the 1960s, and from that year until now it has been considered the most popular work of fiction of the twentieth century.
The main theme of The Lord of the Rings is the battle between Good and Evil and the allegory of The Ring, indicating power.